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Professor Mark E Inall


SAGES+ Director and SAMS Principal Investigator in Physical Oceanography

I studied physics at Edinburgh University, polar oceanography at Cambridge University, and physical oceanography at Southampton University. I then spent three post-doctoral years at University of Wales, Bangor studying the mixing generated by non-linear internal tides.

I moved to SAMS in 1998 and now head the Physics Group and chair the Science Committee. I was on the original core team which set up the BSc (Hons) Marine Science programme and now lead and teach a fourth year module in Coastal and Shelf Sea Dynamics. I have many years experience in measuring turbulence in oceanic and coastal systems and publish widely on measurements of turbulence made on the ocean margins and in shelf seas. In recent years I have established an ocean turbulence measurement facility at the Institute.

Research interests:

  • Internal wave generation by tidal flow over topography
  • Deep Sea (Wyville-Thomson Ridge)
  • Shelf Sea (Malin Shelf, Iberian Shelf)
  • Coastal (NW European and Arctic fjords)
  • Internal wave energy decay and associated vertical mixing in above environments

Since 1 December 2015 I am Director of SAGES+.

At SAMS I am a member of the ...


  • Gillibrand, P., M. Inall, E. Portilla, and P. Tett (2013) A box model of the seasonal exchange and mixing in regions of restricted exchange: application to two contrasting Scottish inlets. Environmental Modelling & Software, 43, 144-159
  • Inall, M. E., D. Aleynik, and C. Neil (2013) Horizontal advection and dispersion in a stratified shelf sea: The role of inertial oscillations. Progress in Oceanography, 117, 25-36
  • Johnson, C., M. Inall, and S. Häkkinen (2013) Declining nutrient concentrations in the northeast Atlantic as a result of a weakening Subpolar Gyre. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 82, 95-107
  • Palmer, M. R., M. E. Inall, and J. Sharples (2013a) The physical oceanography of Jones Bank: A mixing hotspot in the Celtic Sea. Progress in Oceanography, 117, 9-24
  • Palmer, M. R., J. A. Polton, M. E. Inall, T. Rippeth, J. Green, J. Sharples, and J. Simpson (2013b) Variable behavior in pycnocline mixing over shelf seas. Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (1), 161-166
  • Priede, I. G., O. A. Bergstad, P. I. Miller, M. Vecchione, A. Gebruk, T. Falkenhaug, D. S. Billett, J. Craig, A. C. Dale, M. A. Shields, G. H. Tilstone, T. T. Sutton, A. J. Gooday, M. E. Inall et al (2013a) Does presence of a mid-ocean ridge enhance biomass and biodiversity? PLoS ONE 8(5): e61550. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061550
  • Priede, I. G., D. S. Billett, A. S. Brierley, A. R. Hoelzel, M. Inall, and P. I. Miller (2013b) The ECO-MAR (Ecosystem of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge at the Sub-Polar Front and Charlie Gibbs Fracture Zone) project: description of the benthic sampling programme 2007–2010. Marine Biology Research, 9(5-6), 624-628
  • Priede, I. G., D. S. Billett, A. S. Brierley, A. R. Hoelzel, M. Inall, P. I. Miller, N. J. Cousins, M. A. Shields, and T. Fujii (2013c) The ecosystem of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge at the sub-polar front and Charlie–Gibbs Fracture Zone; ECO-MAR project strategy and description of the sampling programme 2007–2010. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 98, 220-230
  • Sharples, J., B. E. Scott, and M. E. Inall (2013) From physics to fishing over a shelf sea bank. Progress in Oceanography, 117, 1-8
  • Vlasenko, V., N. Stashchuk, M. R. Palmer, and M. E. Inall (2013) Generation of baroclinic tides over an isolated underwater bank. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118(9), 4395-4408
  • Inall, M., T. Boyd, M. Toberman, C. Old, E. Dumont, and B. Hagan (2012) AUV observations of surface mixing and bubble entrainment in the Clyde estuary, Scotland. Paper presented at Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV), 2012 IEEE/OES, IEEE
  • Nash, J. D., E. L. Shroyer, S. M. Kelly, M. E. Inall, T. F. Duda, M. D. Levine, N. L. Jones, and R. C. Musgrave (2012) Are any coastal internal tides predictable? Oceanography, 25 (2), 80-96,
  • Sole, A., A. Payne, P. Nienow, P. Christoffersen, F. Cottier, and M. Inall (2012) Increased glacier runoff enhances the penetration of warm Atlantic water into a large Greenland fjord. The Cryosphere Discussions, 6, 4861-4896
  • Steele, E., T. Boyd, M. Inall, E. Dumont, and C. Griffiths (2012) Cooling of the West Spitsbergen Current: AUV-based turbulence measurements west of Svalbard. Paper presented at Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV), 2012 IEEE/OES, IEEE
  • Inall, M., D. Aleynik, T. Boyd, M. Palmer, and J. Sharples (2011) Internal tide coherence and decay over a wide shelf sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 38(23), L23607
  • Tett, P., Portilla, E., Gillibrand, P.A. and M. Inall (2011) Carrying and assimilative capacities: the ACExR-LESV model for sea-loch aquaculture. Aquaculture Research, 42(s1), 51-67
  • Cromey CJ, Nickell TD, Treasurer JW, Black KD and Inall ME (2009) Modelling the impact of cod (Gadus morhua L) farming in the marine environment-CODMOD. Aquaculture, 289(1-2), 42-53
  • Inall, M. E. (2009) Internal wave induced dispersion and mixing on a sloping boundary. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, doi:10.1029/2008GL036849
  • Inall, M. E., P. A. Gillibrand, C. R. Griffiths, N. MacDougal and K. Blackwell (2009) On the oceanographic variability of the North-West European Shelf to the West of Scotland. Journal of Marine Systems, 77, 210-226. doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2007.12.012
  • Portilla, E., P. Tett, P. A. Gillibrand and M. E. Inall (2009) Description and sensitivity analysis for the LESV model: Water quality variables and the balance of organisms in a region of restricted exchange. Ecological Modelling, 220 (18), 2189-2205, doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2009.05.004
  • Sherwin, T. J., C. R. Griffiths, M. E. Inall and W. R. Turrell (2008) Quantifying the overflow across the Wyville Thomson Ridge into the Rockall Trough. Deep Sea Research I, 55: 396-404, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2007.12.006
  • Cottier F, Nilsen F, Inall ME, Gerland S, Tverberg V and Svendsen H (2007) Wintertime warming of Arctic shelves in response to large-scale atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, L10607, doi:10.1029.2007GL029948
  • Stashchuk N, Inall ME and Vlasenko V (2007) Analysis of Supercritical Stratified Tidal Flow in a Scottish Fjord. Journal Of Physical Oceanography, 37: 1793-1810, doi:10.1175/JPO3087.1
  • Cottier F, Tverberg V, Inall ME, Svendsen H, Nilsen F and Griffiths CR (2005) Water mass modification in an Arctic fjord through cross-shelf exchange. The seasonal hydrography of Kongsfjorden, Svalbard. Journal Of Geophysical Research 110(C12):12005, doi: 10.1029/2004JC002757
  • Inall ME, Rippeth TP, Griffiths CR and Wiles P (2005) Evolution and distribution of TKE production and dissipation within stratified flow over topography. Geophysical Research Letters, 32:L08607, doi:10.1029/2004GL022289
  • Janzen C, Simpson J, Inall ME and Cottier F (2005) Across-sill circulation near a tidal mixing front in a broad fjord. Continental Shelf Research 25(15), 1805-1824, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2005.06.004
  • Cottier F, Inall ME and Griffiths CR (2004) Seasonal variations in internal wave energy in a Scottish sea loch. Ocean Dynamics, 54, 340-347, doi: 10.1007/s10236-003-0064-5
  • Inall ME, Cottier F, Rippeth TP and Griffiths CR (2004) Sill dynamics and energy propagation in a jet type fjord. Ocean Dynamics, 54, 307-314, doi:10.1007/s10236-003-0059-2
  • Rippeth TP, Simpson J and Inall ME (2003) Measurements of the rates of production and dissipation of Turbulent Kinetic Energy in a tidal flow: Red Wharf Bay Revisited. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 33(9), 1889-1901, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2003)033<1889:MOTROP>2.0.CO;2
  • Austin WE N and Inall ME (2002) Deep water renewal in a Scottish fjord: temperature, salinity and oxygen isotopes. Polar Research, 21, 251-258, doi:10.1111/j.1751-8369.2002.tb00078.x
  • Rippeth TP and Inall ME (2002) Observations of the internal tide and associated mixing across the Malin Shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107, 11980-11990, doi: 10.1029/2000JC000761
  • Sherwin TJ, Inall ME and Torres R (2002) The Seasonal and Spatial Variability of Small Scale Turbulence at the Iberian Margin. Journal of Marine Research, 60, 73-100, doi:10.1357/002224002762341258
  • Barton E, Inall ME and Sherwin TJ (2001) Vertical structure, turbulent mixing and fluxes during Lagrangian observations of an upwelling filament system off Northwest Iberia. Progress In Oceanography, 51, 249-268, doi:10.1016/S0079-6611(01)00069-6
  • Howe JA, Overnell J, Inall ME and Wilby A (2001) A side-scan sonar image of a glacially-overdeepened sea loch, upper Loch Etive, Argyll. Scottish Journal of Geology, 37, 3-10
  • Inall ME, Shapiro G and Sherwin TJ (2001) Mass transport of non-linear waves on the Malin Shelf. Continental Shelf Research, 21, 1449-1472, doi:10.1016/S0278-4343(01)00020-6
  • Joint I, Inall ME et al (2001) Two Lagrangian Experiments in the Iberian Upwelling System: tracking an upwelling event and an off-shore filament. Progress In Oceanography, 51, 221-248, doi:10.1016/S0079-6611(01)00068-4
  • Inall ME, Sherwin TJ and Rippeth TP (2000) Impact of nonlinear waves on the dissipation of internal tidal energy at a shelf break. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105(C4), 8687-8705


Other refereed publications

  • Rippeth TP and Inall ME (2007) Turbulent Dissipation of Coastal Seas, a response to "Observations of Biologically Generated Turbulence in a Coastal Inlet". Science Electronic Letters,
  • Inall ME and Rippeth TP (2002) Dissipation of Tidal Energy and Mixing in a Scottish Fjord. Environmental Fluid Mechanics, 2, 219-240


Book chapters

  • Inall ME and Gillibrand P (2010) The Physics of Fjords: A Review. In Fjords Systems and Archives. (Eds JA Howe, WEN Austin, M Forwick & M Paetzel) 17-33 Geological Society, London ISBN (HB) 978-1-86239-312-7
  • Inall ME (2003) Fjordic Systems. In Marine Turbulence: Theories, Observations and Models 5 Cambridge University Press



Current research students

  • Matt Toberman (Director of Studies)

  • Sam Jones (Supervisor): Shelf edge exchange and the influence on coastal oceanography

  • Neil Fraser (Director of Studies): Impact of variable ocean/shelf exchange on glacial dynamics in SE Greenland


Past research students



Mark was closely involved with developing the entire physics curriculum for the UHI's BSc (Hons) Marine Science.

My contact details

Professor Mark Inall SAMS

Professor Mark Inall
T: +44 (0)1631 559 267
M: +44 (0) 7795 573475
F: +44 (0)1631 559 001
SAMS, Scottish Marine Institute
Oban, Argyll PA37 1QA, UK