- >Physical oceanography of Arctic shelves; shelf-ocean exchanges, mixing processes
- >Application of analytical models to high-latitude processes
- >Use of tracers and proxies, particularly related to oceanographic roles of Atlantic Water and sea ice formation/melt in Arctic waters
- >Application of geochemical and sediment proxies for interpretation of water mass histories
- >Coupled biological-physical interactions in Arctic shelf systems
Current research projects
Active Productivity in the Seasonal Ice Zone (Arctic PRIZE). Funded by NERC. 2017-2021
Arctic marine ecosystems - Applied technology, Biological interactions and Consequences in an era of abrupt climate change (Arctic ABC). Funded by the Research Council of Norway. 2015-
ENabling Technology providing knowledge of structure, function and production in a complex Coastal Ecosystem (ENTiCE). Funded by the Research Council of Norway. 2016 -
Future Arctic Algal Blooms - and their role in the context of climate change (FAABULOUS)
Selected past research projects
Mare incognitum - ecological processes during the polar night. Funded by the Research Council of Norway.
Circadian rhythms of Arctic zooplankton from polar twilight to polar night. Funded by the Research Council of Norway.
Marine Science with Oceanography and Robotics BSc: Academic lead for this degree stream
Marine Science with Arctic Studies BSc: Academic lead for this degree stream
Marine Science BSc: Module leader for 'Marine Robotics' 3rd year module
Marine Science BSc: Lecturer for 'Polar Seas' 4th year module (4 lectures, 2 practicals)
Marine Science BSc: Project supervisor for 4th year double module 'Dissertation'
I am also a regular contributor to undergraduate and graduate level courses at the University Centre in Svalbard (UNIS) in the area of Arctic Geophysics and Arctic Biology.
List of current research students
Lewis Drysdale: Arctic fjords: modelling and the role of freshwater. PhD. 2013-17. UHI
Neil Fraser: Impact of variable ocean/shelf exchang on glacial dynamics in SE Greenland. PhD. 2013-17. The University of Edinburgh
Donald Slater: Investigating controls on flow variability in Greenland tidewater glaciers. PhD. 2013-17. The University of Edinburgh
List of alumni research students
Laura Hobbs: Pan Arctic Diel Vertical Migration. PhD. 2012-16. UHI
Sam Jones: Shelf edge exchange and the influence on coastal oceanography. PhD. 2012-16. UHI
Julie Grenvald: Diel vertical migration (DVM) of marine zooplankton in the polar night: who, how and why? PhD. 2012-17. University of Tromsø
Anne Goldsack: Oceanographic controls on glaciers in southeast Greenland. PhD. 2010-13. Swansea University
Heiko Mooseen: Palaeoclimate reconstructions from Arctic and Nordic shelf seas: development and application of multiple proxies. PhD. 2008-11. Glasgow University
Geoffroy M (2014) Investigating zooplankton distribution in the Arctic from AUV acoustic data. University of Laval
Fraser N (2011) Decadal variability of temperature and salinity in the Irminger Current. The University of Edinburgh
Johst K (2010) Computational techniques for processing ADCP data for zooplankton studies. University of Berlin.
Consultancy and industry experience
I have published 40 technical reports since 2011 supporting hydrographic surveys and assessments in Scotland, South Atlantic and Papua New Guinea.
Accessing consultancy services from SAMS
SAMS consultancy work is delivered through its wholly owned commercial subsidiary, SAMS Enterprise. SAMS Enterprise operates a comprehensive Quality Management System (QMS) that is accredited to ISO9001:2008 standard, guaranteeing that all projects deliver the best possible service to our customers. All SAMS Enterprise projects are planned by a professional programme manager who oversees a team of dedicated project managers, all of whom are focussed specifically on client delivery, and have scientific experience and technical expertise in fields relevant to their assigned projects.
For further information concerning commercial enterprise opportunities at SAMS, please contact SAMS Enterprise by email (firstname.lastname@example.org) or phone +44 (0) 1631 559 470.
Hobbs L, Banas NS, Cohen JH, Cottier FR, Berge J, Varpe Ø (2021) A marine zooplankton community vertically structured by light across diel to interannual timescales. Biol. Lett. 20200810. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2020.0810
Carter-Gates M, Balestreri C., Thorpe SE, Cottier F, Baylay A, Bibby TS, Moore CM, Schroeder DC (2020) Implications of increasing Atlantic influence for Arctic microbial community structure. Sci Rep 10, 19262. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-76293-x
Hobbs L, Banas NS, Cottier FR, Berge J and Daase M (2020) Eat or Sleep: Availability of Winter Prey Explains Mid-Winter and Spring Activity in an Arctic Calanus Population. Front. Mar. Sci. 7:541564. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.541564
Kostakis I, Röttgers R, Orkney A, Bouman HA, Porter M, Cottier F, Berge J, McKee D (2020) Development of a bio-optical model for the Barents Sea to quantitatively link glider and satellite observations. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 378: 20190367. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2019.0367
Henley SF, Porter M, Hobbs L, Braun J, Guillaume-Castel R, Venables EJ, Dumont J, Cottier F (2020) Nitrate supply and uptake in the Atlantic Arctic sea ice zone:seasonal cycle, mechanisms and drivers. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 378: 20190361. https://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2019.0361
Porter M, Henley SF, Orkney A, Bouman HA, Hwang B, Dumont E, Venables EJ, Cottier F (2020) A polar surface eddy obscured by thermal stratiﬁcation. Geophysical Research Letters 47, e2019GL086281. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL086281
Jones, S.C., Inall, M.E., Porter, M., Graham, J.A., Cottier, F. (2020) Storm-driven across-shelf oceanic flows into coastal waters. Ocean Science 16(2) 389-403. https://doi.org/10.5194/os-16-389-2020
Geoffroy M, Berge J, Majaneva S, Johnsen G, Langbehn TJ, Cottier F, Mogstad AA, Zolich A, Last K (2018) Increased occurrence of the jellyfish Periphylla periphylla in the European Arctic. Polar Biology 41(12): 2615-2619 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-018-2368-4
Hobbs, L.J, Cottier, F.R., Last, K.S., Berge, J. (2018) Pan-Arctic diel vertical migration during the polar night. Marine Ecology Progress Series. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12753
Jones S, Cottier F, Inall ME, Griffiths C (2018) Decadal variability on the Northwest European continental shelf. Progress in Oceanography, 161, 131-151
Johnsen G, Norli M, Moline M, Robbins I, Quillfeldt C v, Sørensen K, Cottier F, Berge J. (2018) The anatomy of an under-ice spring bloom in the Arctic Ocean. Polar Biology
Sundfjord, A, Albretsen J, Kasajima Y, Skogseth R, Kohler J, Nuth C, Skardhamar J, Cottier F, Nilsen F, Asplin L, Gerland S, Torsvik T. Effects of glacier runoff and wind on surface layer dynamics and Atlantic Water exchange in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard; a model study, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Darnis G, Hobbs L, Geoffroy M, Grenvald JC, Renaud PE, Berge J, Cottier F, Kristiansen S, Daase M, Søreide J, Wold A, Morata N, Gabrielsen T. (Accepted) From polar night to midnight sun: diel vertical migration, metabolism and biogeochemical role of zooplankton in a high Arctic fjord (Kongsfjorden, Svalbard). Limnology and Oceanography.
Berge J, Geoffroy M, Johnsen J, Cottier F, Bluhm B. Vogedes D. (2016) Ice-tethered observational platforms in the Arctic Ocean pack ice. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 49(23), 494-499. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ifacol.2016.10.484
Vihtakaria M, Ambrose Jr WG, Renaud PE, Locke WL, Carroll ML, Berge J, Clarke LJ, Cottier F, Hop H. (2016) A key to the past? Element ratios as environmental proxies in two Arctic bivalves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. Online edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.10.020
Geoffroy M, Cottier FR, Berge J, Inall ME. (2016) AUV-based acoustic observations of the distribution and patchiness of zooplankton during midnight sun. ICES Journal of Marine Science doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsw158
Grenvald J, Callesen TA, Daase M, Hobbs L, Darnis G, Renaud P, Cottier F, Nielsen T, Berge J. (2016) Plankton community composition and vertical migration during polar night in Kongsfjorden. Polar Biology, 39(10), 1879-1895
Last KS, Hobbs L, Berge J, Brierley AS, Cottier, FR. (2016) Moonlight drives ocean scale mass vertical migration of zooplankton during the Arctic winter. Current Biology, 26(2), 244–251
Inall ME, Nilsen F, Svendsen H, Cottier FR, Daae R. (2015) Shelf/fjord exchange driven by coastal‐trapped waves in the Arctic. Journal of Geophysical Research, 120(12), 8283-8303
Luckman A, Benn D, Cottier FR, Bevan S, Nilsen F, Inall ME. (2015) Calving rates at tidewater glaciers vary strongly with ocean temperature. Nature Communications 6, 8566.
Berge J, Renaud PE, Darnis G, Cottier FR, et al. In the dark: A review of ecosystem processes during the Arctic polar night. Progress in Oceanography, 139, 258-271
Berge, J., Heggland, K., Lønne, O.J., Cottier, F., Hop, H., Gabrielsen, G.W., Nøttestad, L., and Misund, O.A. (2015) First records of Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) from the Svalbard Archipelago, Norway, with possible explanations for the extension of its distribution. Arctic, 68, 54–61.
Cohen, J.H., Berge, J., Moline, M.A., Sørensen, A.J., Last, K., Falk-Petersen, S., Renaud, P.E., Leu, E.S., Grenvald, J., and Cottier, F. (2015) Is Ambient Light during the High Arctic Polar Night Sufficient to Act as a Visual Cue for Zooplankton? PloS One, 10, e0126247.
Berge, J., + Multiple Authors (2015) Unexpected Levels of Biological Activity during the Polar Night Offer New Perspectives on a Warming Arctic. Current Biology, 25, 2555-2561.
Inall M, Murray T, Cottier F, Scharrer K, Boyd, T, Heywood, K, Bevan S (2014) Oceanic heat delivery via Kangerlugssuaq Fjord to the south-east Greenland ice sheet. Journal of Geophysical Research 119 (2). 631–645
Berge J, Cottier F, Varpe Ø, Renaud PE, Falk-Petersen S, Kwasniewski S, Griffiths C, Søreide J, Aubert A, Bjærke O, Hovinen J, Juul-Madsen S, Tveit M, Markkula S (2014) Arctic complexity: a case study on diel vertical migration of zooplankton. Journal of Plankton Research 36 (5): 1279-1297
Tarling GA, Cottier FR, Everson I (2014) Spatial patterns in the vertical structure of euphausiids in Gullmarsfjord, Sweden: identifying influences on bilayer formation and distributions. Marine Biology Research 10, 6, p. 537-553
Falk-Petersen S, Pavlov V, Berge J, Cottier FR, Kovacs KM, Lydersen C (2015) At the rainbow’s end – A case study of high productivity fuelled by winter upwelling along an Arctic shelf. Polar Biology, 38, 5-11. Doi: 10.1007/s00300-014-1482-1
Wallace M, Cottier F, Brierley A, Tarling G (2013) Modelling the influence of copepod behaviour on fecal pellet export at high latitudes. Polar Biology 36:579–592
Sole AJ, Payne AJ, Nienow PW, Christoffersen P, Cottier FR, Inall ME (2012) Increased glacier runoff enhances the penetration of warm Atlantic Water into a large Greenland fjord. Cryosphere Discuss., 6, 4861–4896, doi:10.5194/tcd-6-4861-2012.
Kwasniewski S, Walkusz W, Cottier F, Leu E (2012) Mesozooplankton dynamics in relation to food availability during spring and early summer in a high latitude glaciated fjord (Kongsfjorden), with focus on Calanus. Journal of Marine Systems
Ambrose WG, Renaud PE, Locke W, Cottier FR, Berge J, Carroll ML, Levin B, Ryan S (2011) Growth line deposition and variability in growth of two circumpolar bivalves (Serripes groenlandicus and Clinocardium ciliatum). Polar Biology, 35, 345-354: DOI: 10.1007/s00300-011-1080-4.
Howe JA, Harland R, Cottier FR, et al. (2010) Dinoflagellate blooms as a proxy for Recent Atlantic Water advection in Arctic fjords. In Fjords: Depositional Systems & Archives: Special Issue of British Geol. Soc.
Cottier FR, Nilsen F, Skogseth R, Tverberg V, Svendsen H, Skarðhamar J (2010) Arctic fjords: A review of the oceanographic environment and dominant physical processes. In Fjords: Depositional Systems & Archives: Special Issue of British Geol. Soc.344, 35-60
Wallace MI, Cottier FR, Berge J, Tarling GA, Griffiths C ,Brierley AS (2010) Comparison of zooplankton vertical migration in an ice-free and a seasonally ice-covered Arctic fjord: An insight into the influence of sea ice cover on zooplankton behavior Limnology and Oceanography, 55, 831-845
Berge J, Renaud PE, Eiane K, Gulliksen B, Cottier FR, Varpe Ø, Brattegard T (2009) Changes in the decapod fauna of an Arctic fjord during the last 100 years (1908–2007). Polar Biology, 32, 953-961
Berge J, Cottier FR, et al. (2009) Diel vertical migration of Arctic zooplankton during the polar night. Biology Letters, 5(1), 69-72
Nilsen F, Cottier FR, Skogseth R, Mattsson S (2008) Fjord-shelf exchanges controlled by ice and brine production: The interannual variation of Atlantic Water in Isfjorden, Svalbard. Continental Shelf Research. 28, 1838-1853
Willis KJ, Cottier FR, Kwasniewski S (2008) The impact of warm water advection on the winter zooplankton community in an Arctic fjord. Polar Biology. 31(4), 475-481.
Cottier FR, Venables, E (2007) On the double-diffusive and cabbeling environments of the Arctic Front, West Spitsbergen. Polar Research. 26(2), 152-159
MacLachlan SE, Cottier FR, Austin WEN, Howe JA (2007) The salinity:d18O water relationship in Kongsfjorden, western Spitsbergen. Polar Research. 26(2), 160-167
Cottier FR, Nilsen, F, Inall ME, Gerland S, Tverberg V, Svendsen H (2007) Wintertime warming of Arctic shelves in response to large-scale atmospheric circulation. Geophysical Research Letters. L10607 – Editor’s highlighted article.
Cottier FR, Tarling G, Falk-Petersen S, Wold, A (2006) Unsynchronised and synchronised vertical migration of zooplankton in a high arctic fjord. Limnology and Oceanography. 51(6), 2586-2599
Willis KJ, Cottier FR, Kwasniewski S, Wold A, Falk-Petersen S (2006) The influence of advection on zooplankton community composition in an Arctic fjord (Kongsfjorden, Svalbard). Journal of Marine Systems. 61, 39-54
Cottier FR, Tverberg V, Inall ME, Svendsen H, Nilsen, F, Griffiths C (2005) Water mass modification in an Arctic fjord through cross-shelf exchange: The seasonal hydrography of Kongsfjorden, Svalbard. Journal of Geophysical Research. 110, C12005
Janzen C, Inall ME, Rippeth TP, Simpson JH, Cottier FR (2005): Frontal controls on the cross-sill exchange of a broad fjord. Continental Shelf Research. 25(15), 1805-1824
Cottier FR, Inall ME, Griffiths C (2004) Seasonal variations in internal wave energy in a Scottish sea loch. Ocean Dynamics 54(3-4), 340-347
Inall ME, Cottier FR, Griffiths C, Rippeth TP (2004) Sill dynamics and energy transformation in a jet fjord. Ocean Dynamics, 54(3-4), 307-314
Cottier FR, Eicken H, Wadhams P (1999) Linkages between salinity and brine channel distribution in young sea ice. Journal of Geophysical Research 107(C7) 15859-15871
Thomas DN, Cottier F, Brandon MA. Sea ice, ice drift and oceanic circulation. In: The International Encyclopedia of Geography. Edited by Richardson D, et al (2017) John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Published DOI: 10.1002/9781118786352.wbieg0395
Cottier, F., Steele, M. and Nilsen, F. (2017) Sea ice and Arctic Ocean oceanography, in Sea Ice (ed D. N. Thomas), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. (doi: 10.1002/9781118778371.ch7) pp195-217
Brandon M A, Cottier F R, Nilsen F. Sea Ice and Oceanography, in Sea Ice – an introduction to its physics, biology, chemistry and geology, Thomas D and Dieckmann GS (Eds.) 2nd edition
Cottier F, Inall ME, Miller R, Pond D, Wilson B, Owens N (2017) Written Evidence submitted to the Scottish Affairs Committee; Scotland and the High North Enquiry. pp7
Berge J, Renaud P, Cottier F (2015) Towards a contiguous Arctic. Pan European Networks: Science & Technology (17) p253
Findlay H, Cottier FR, + 8 others (2015) Priority Sheet on Future Directions of Arctic Science: Arctic Oceanography. Arctic in Rapid Transition, pp. 2.
Berge J, Cottier F, Last K. (2014) The light of co-operation. Pan European Networks: Science & Technology (13) p226
Multiple Authors (2011) Svalbard Integrated Arctic Earth Observing System: Gap Analysis Synthesis Report. Ed Georg Hansen. The Research Council of Norway, pp44
Cottier, F, Hwang P, Drysdale L (2014) JR271 Physical Oceanography Analysis for Ocean Acidification Cruise. SAMS, pp31.
Berge, J, Cottier FR, Soreide J, Leu E (2009) The IPY in the NW Barents Sea in The integrated Arctic Observing System (iAOOS) in 2008. Ed. R R Dickson. p55-57
Leakey RJG, Cottier FR, Howe JA, Potts TW, Turnewitsch R, Meldrum DT (2008) Current Status of UK Arctic Research. Report commissioned by the Polar Regions Unit of the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
Howe J, Cottier FR (2006) Where the Arctic and Atlantic meet. NERC Planet Earth, Spring 28-29
Cottier FR, MacLachlan S, Howe J (2005) Rapid Shifts in Arctic Marine Climate: Observations and Archives in a Spitsbergen Fjord. Ocean Challenge 14(1) 16-22
2016: Invited Panel Member for UK All Party Parliamentary Group for Polar Regions (May 2016) to discuss 'The implications of climate change for the Arctic and Antarctica'
2015: Invited member of NERC Scoping Group for Directed Research Call on Arctic Marine Biology and Biogeochemistry
2014: Invited member of Norway-UK Arctic workshop for bilateral research program
2011-present: Member of SAGES Research Committee
2008 – 2011: Member of the NERC Peer Review College
2010: Member of US National Science Foundation Panel for their Arctic Observing Network Programme
Invited proposal reviewer for
Natural Environment Research Council (UK); Research Council of Norway; National Science Foundation (US); European Union; Catlin Arctic Survey; EU Eurofleets Ship Program “Polar & Subpolar Call”; Chilean National Science and Technology Commission; Norwegian FRAM Centre.
Invited peer review
J. Geophys. Res. (Oceans & Earth Surface), Geophys Res Lett., Deep Sea Res., Ocean Dynamics, Ocean Sci. Discuss., J Phys Oc., Progress in Oceanography, PLOS One, Underwater Technology, Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Systems, Continental Shelf Research, Society for Underwater Technology, Methods in Ecology and Evolution, Oceanologia
Relevant research expeditions
Since 1996, I have participated in approximately 25 Arctic research expeditions. These cruises have spanned a geographic range from Greenlandic fjords, Fram Strait, Eurasian Arctic shelves and towards the North Pole. They have been conducted on all classes of vessels from small coastal fishing vessels to state of the art polar icebreakers.
Prizes / awards
2016 University of the Highlands and Islands “Best Personal Academic Tutor”
2011 Editors’ Citation for Excellence in Refereeing for JGR-Oceans; AGU
2006 Fellowship of the UK Challenger Society for Marine Science
2017: Interview in Arctic Weekly “On Thin Ice: Disappearing Zooplankton Could Collapse Arctic Food Chain”
2015 – BBC Radio Scotland “Arctic Research” and BBC website.
2017 Arctic Science Summit Week, Key note address. Prague, Czech Republic
2017 Gordon Research Conference and Gordon Research Seminar in Polar Marine Science. Key Note Speaker. Ventura, California
2017 Svalbard Symposium, Arctic Frontiers. Key Note Speaker. Tromsø, Norway
2015 Marine Robotics for Marine Research: Breaking the Surface Robotics Conference, Zadar, Croatia
2014 Scottish Arctic Research: Arctic Change, Ottawa.
2014 Oceanographic Challenges from an Arctic Scavenger: Integrating spatial and temporal scales in the changing Arctic System Workshop, Brest
2013 Fjord Exchange Processes: Gordon Research Conference on Coastal Ocean Circulation
2012 Arctic Oceanography - A view from the coast: Arctic Days 2012, European Institute for Marine Studies (IUEM, France) workshop on Arctic marine ecology.
Other external activities
2017 – present: Adjunct Full Professor in Polar Oceanography; UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø
2015 – 2017: Adjunct Associate Professor in Polar Oceanography; UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø
2010 – present: Senior Lecturer in Physical Oceanography; SAMS
2009 – 2015: Head Physics and Technology Department; SAMS
2006 – 2010: Lecturer in Polar Oceanography; SAMS
2000 – 2006: Postdoctoral Researcher; SAMS
Observational investigations of mixing and exchange processes in mid- and high-latitude shelf systems. Partner in FP6 EU programme.
1995 – 1999: PhD in Sea Ice Physics. University of Cambridge, Scott Polar Research Institute. Dissertation: Brine distribution in young sea ice
1991 – 1995: B.Sc. (Hons.) Physics and Chemistry 1st Class. University of Manchester