You are here: Home Burrows, Professor Michael

Professor Michael Burrows

Profile

Principal Investigator in Ecological Processes

Research

Scaling up from the ecology of individual animals and plants to populations, communities and ultimately whole ecosystems is my primary research goal.  I try to do this in three ways:

  1. by studying the behaviour of animals and the fate of plants at the scale of individual organisms, and using this information to predict how groups of individuals might perform
  2. by documenting ecosystem-scale patterns in biodiversity, and to link these patterns with important environmental variables like water flow or food supply, and
  3. by making ecological models that try to unify processes acting at different scales into a holistic understanding of ecosystems

Most of this work is set in between the tidemarks on rocky shores and sandy beaches among the habitats and species I know best.

At the Scottish Association for Marine Science I am a member of the ...

 

Career

Research

Current research projects
  • Oceans 2025 Theme 4 Biodiversity: Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning (2007-2012)
  • URBANE (2009-2011) Understanding marine biodiversity in man-made habitats
  • WEEDMAP (2010) Mapping the seaweed resources of the Western Isles
  • Larval Quality (2010-13) Varying quality of settling marine larvae
  • Ocean Acidification (2010-2013) Modelling the ecological consequences of increased CO2 in the ocean

 

Recent findings

 

Publications

Selected recent publications

 

 

2014

  1. Adams, T.P., Aleynik, D. & Burrows, M.T. (2014) Larval dispersal of intertidal organisms and the influence of coastline geography. Ecography, DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2013.00259.x.
  2. Adams, T.P., Miller, R.G., Aleynik, D. & Burrows, M.T. (2014) Offshore marine renewable energy devices as stepping stones across biogeographical boundaries. Journal of Applied Ecology, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12207.
  3. Burrows, M.T., Schoeman, D.S., Richardson, A.J., Molinos, J.G., Hoffmann, A., Buckley, L.B., Moore, P.J., Brown, C.J., Bruno, J.F., Duarte, C.M., Halpern, B.S., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Kappel, C.V., Kiessling, W., O’Connor, M.I., Pandolfi, J.M., Parmesan, C., Sydeman, W.J., Ferrier, S., Williams, K.J. & Poloczanska, E.S. (2014) Geographical limits to species-range shifts are suggested by climate velocity. Nature, 507, 492–495.
  4. Brodie, J., C. J. Williamson, D. A. Smale, N. A. Kamenos, N. Mieszkowska, R. Santos, M. Cunliffe, M. Steinke, C. Yesson, K. M. Anderson, V. Asnaghi, C. Brownlee, H. L. Burdett, M. T. Burrows, S. Collins, P. J. C. Donohue, B. Harvey, A. Foggo, F. Noisette, J. Nunes, F. Ragazzola, J. A. Raven, D. N. Schmidt, D. Suggett, M. Teichberg, and J. M. Hall-Spencer. (2014). The future of the northeast Atlantic benthic flora in a high CO2 world. Ecology and Evolution 4:2787–2798.
  5. Fox, C. J., T. E. Targett, B. J. Ciotti, K. de Kroon, L. Hortsmeyer, and M. T. Burrows. (2014). Size variation of 0-group plaice: Are earlier influences on growth potential a contributing factor? Journal of Sea Research 88:59–66.
  6. Hiddink, J. G., M. T. Burrows, and J. García Molinos. (2014). Temperature tracking by North Sea benthic invertebrates in response to climate change. Global Change Biology: 21:117-129
  7. Hoegh-Guldberg, O., R. Cai, E.S. Poloczanska, P.G. Brewer, S. Sundby, K. Hilmi, V.J. Fabry, and S. Jung. 2014. The Ocean. Page Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, in C. B. Field, D. J. Dokken, M. D. Mastrandrea, K. J. Mach, T. E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K. L. Ebi, Y. O. Estrada, R. C. Genova, B. Girma, E. S. Kissel, A. N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P. R. Mastrandrea, and L. L. White, editors. Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. (contributing author)
  8. Mieszkowska, N., M. T. Burrows, F. G. Pannacciulli, and S. J. Hawkins. (2014). Multidecadal signals within co-occuring intertidal barnacles Semibalanus balanoides and Chthamalus spp. linked to the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Journal of Marine Systems 133:70–76.
  9. Murua, J., M. T. Burrows, R. N. Hughes, S. J. Hawkins, R. C. Thompson, and S. R. Jenkins. (2014). Phenotypic variation in shell form in the intertidal acorn barnacle Chthamalus montagui: distribution, response to predators and life history trade-offs. Marine Biology 161:2609–2619.
  10. Poloczanska, E. S., O. Hoegh-Guldberg, W. Cheung, H.-O. Pörtner, and M. Burrows. (2014). Cross-chapter box on observed global responses of marine biogeography, abundance, and phenology to climate change. Pages 123–127 in C. B. Field, V. R. Barros, D. J. Dokken, K. J. Mach, M. D. Mastrandrea, T. E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K. L. Ebi, Y. O. Estrada, R. C. Genova, B. Girma, E. S. Kissel, A. N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P. R. Mastrandrea, and L. L. White, editors. Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
  11. Wilson, L. J., M. T. Burrows, G. D. Hastie, and B. Wilson. (2014). Temporal variation and characterization of grunt sounds produced by Atlantic cod Gadus morhua and pollack Pollachius pollachius during the spawning season. Journal of Fish Biology 84:1014–1030.

2013

 

 

 

  1. Ciotti, B. J., T. E. Targett, and M. T. Burrows. 2013a. Spatial variation in growth rate of early juvenile European plaice Pleuronectes platessa. Marine Ecology Progress Series 475:213–232.
  2. Ciotti, B. J., T. E. Targett, and M. T. Burrows. 2013b. Decline in growth rate of juvenile European plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) during summer at nursery beaches along the west coast of Scotland. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 70:720–734.
  3. Ciotti, B. J., T. E. Targett, R. D. M. Nash, and M. T. Burrows. 2013c. Small-scale spatial and temporal heterogeneity in growth and condition of juvenile fish on sandy beaches. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 448:346–359.
  4. Cook, E., J. Stehlíková, C. Beveridge, M. Burrows, H. De Blauwe, and M. Faasse. 2013. Distribution of the invasive bryozoan Tricellaria inopinata in Scotland and a review of its European expansion. Aquatic Invasions 8:281–288.
  5. Hawkins, S. J., L. B. Firth, M. McHugh, E. S. Poloczanska, R. J. H. Herbert, M. T. Burrows, M. A. Kendall, P. J. Moore, R. C. Thompson, S. R. Jenkins, D. W. Sims, M. J. Genner, and N. Mieszkowska. 2013. Data rescue and re-use: Recycling old information to address new policy concerns. Marine Policy 42:91–98.
  6. Mieszkowska, N., G. Milligan, M. T. Burrows, R. Freckleton, and M. Spencer. 2013. Dynamic species distribution models from categorical survey data. Journal of Animal Ecology DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12100
  7. Miller, R. G., Z. L. Hutchison, A. K. Macleod, M. T. Burrows, E. J. Cook, K. S. Last, and B. Wilson. 2013. Marine renewable energy development: assessing the benthic footprint at multiple scales. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 11: 433-440.
  8. Parmesan, C., M. T. Burrows, C. M. Duarte, E. S. Poloczanska, A. J. Richardson, D. S. Schoeman, and M. C. Singer. 2013. Beyond climate change attribution in conservation and ecological research. Ecology Letters 16:58–71.
  9. Poloczanska, E. S., C. J. Brown, W. J. Sydeman, W. Kiessling, D. S. Schoeman, P. J. Moore, K. Brander, J. F. Bruno, L. B. Buckley, M. T. Burrows, C. M. Duarte, B. S. Halpern, J. Holding, C. V. Kappel, M. I. O’Connor, J. M. Pandolfi, C. Parmesan, F. Schwing, S. A. Thompson, and A. J. Richardson. 2013. Global imprint of climate change on marine life. Nature Climate Change. 3: 919-925.
  10. Smale, D. A., M. T. Burrows, P. Moore, N. O’Connor, and S. J. Hawkins. 2013. Threats and knowledge gaps for ecosystem services provided by kelp forests: a northeast Atlantic perspective. Ecology and Evolution (online early) 
  11. Mieszkowska, N., M. T. Burrows, F. G. Pannacciulli, and S. J. Hawkins. 2013. Multidecadal signals within co-occuring intertidal barnacles Semibalanus balanoides and Chthamalus spp. linked to the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Journal of Marine Systems.

 

2012

  1. Broom, M., R. N. Hughes, M. T. Burrows, and G. D. Ruxton. 2012. Evolutionarily stable sexual allocation by both stressed and unstressed potentially simultaneous hermaphrodites within the same population. Journal of Theoretical Biology 309:96–102.
  2. Burrows, M. T. 2012. Influences of wave fetch, tidal flow and ocean colour on subtidal rocky communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series 445:193–207.
  3. Burrows, M. T., D. S. Schoeman, C. M. Duarte, M. I. O’Connor, L. B. Buckley, C. V. Kappel, C. Parmesan, B. S. Halpern, C. Brown, and K. M. Brander. 2012. Invasive Species Unchecked by Climate—Response. Science 335: 538–539.
  4. Jørgensen, C., M. A. Peck, F. Antognarelli, E. Azzurro, M. T. Burrows, W. W. L. Cheung, A. Cucco, R. E. Holt, K. B. Huebert, S. Marras, D. McKenzie, J. Metcalfe, A. Perez-Ruzafa, M. Sinerchia, J. F. Steffensen, L. R. Teal, and P. Domenici. 2012. Conservation physiology of marine fishes: advancing the predictive capacity of models. Biology Letters 23: 900-903
  5. Marzinelli, E. M., M. T. Burrows, A. C. Jackson, and M. Mayer-Pinto. 2012. Positive and Negative Effects of Habitat-Forming Algae on Survival, Growth and Intra-Specific Competition of Limpets. PLoS ONE 7:e51601.
  6. Richardson, A. J., C. J. Brown, K. Brander, J. F. Bruno, L. Buckley, M. T. Burrows, C. M. Duarte, B. S. Halpern, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, J. Holding, C. V. Kappel, W. Kiessling, P. J. Moore, M. I. O’Connor, J. M. Pandolfi, C. Parmesan, D. S. Schoeman, F. Schwing, W. J. Sydeman, and E. S. Poloczanska. 2012. Climate change and marine life. Biology Letters, doi:10.1098/rsbl.2012.0530
  7. Spencer, M., N. Mieszkowska, L. A. Robinson, S. D. Simpson, M. T. Burrows, S. N. R. Birchenough, E. Capasso, P. Cleall‐Harding, J. Crummy, C. Duck, D. Eloire, M. Frost, A. J. Hall, S. J. Hawkins, D. G. Johns, D. W. Sims, T. J. Smyth, and C. L. J. Frid. 2012. Region‐wide changes in marine ecosystem dynamics: state‐space models to distinguish trends from step changes. Global Change Biology 18:1270–1281.
  8. Thompson, S. A., W. J. Sydeman, J. A. Santora, K. H. Morgan, W. Crawford, and M. T. Burrows. 2012. Phenology of pelagic seabird abundance relative to marine climate change in the Alaska Gyre. Marine Ecology Progress Series 454:159–170.

 

2011

  1. Brown, C. J., D. S. Schoeman, W. J. Sydeman, K. Brander, L. B. Buckley, M. Burrows, C. M. Duarte, P. J. Moore, J. M. Pandolfi, E. Poloczanska, W. Venables, and A. J. Richardson. 2011. Quantitative approaches in climate change ecology. Global Change Biology 17:3697–3713.
  2. Burrows, M. T., D. S. Schoeman, L. B. Buckley, P. Moore, E. S. Poloczanska, K. M. Brander, C. Brown, J. F. Bruno, C. M. Duarte, B. S. Halpern, J. Holding, C. V. Kappel, W. Kiessling, M. I. O’Connor, J. M. Pandolfi, C. Parmesan, F. B. Schwing, W. J. Sydeman, and A. J. Richardson. 2011. The Pace of Shifting Climate in Marine and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Science 334:652 –655.
  3. Gibson, R. N., M. T. Burrows, and L. Robb. 2011. Field experiments on depth selection by juvenile plaice Pleuronectes platessa. Marine Ecology Progress Series 430:197–205.
  4. Hawkins, S. J., H. E. Sugden, N. Mieszkowska, M. T. Burrows, and J. M. Baxter. 2010. Managing marine species in a rapidly changing world. Pages 91–109 in J. M. Baxter and C. A. Galbraith, editors. Species Management: Challenges and solutions for the 21st Century. The Stationery Office.
  5. Heymans, J. J., K. L. Howell, M. Ayers, M. T. Burrows, J. D. M. Gordon, E. G. Jones, and F. Neat. 2011. Do we have enough information to apply the ecosystem approach to management of deep-sea fisheries? An example from the West of Scotland. ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil 68:265 –280.
  6. Kaiser, M. J., M. T. Burrows, and H. Hughes. 2011. Introduction. Marine Ecology Progress Series 430:99–101.
  7. Noėl, L. M. ., J. N. Griffin, R. C. Thompson, S. J. Hawkins, M. T. Burrows, T. P. Crowe, and S. R. Jenkins. 2010. Assessment of a field incubation method estimating primary productivity in rockpool communities. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 88:153–159.
  8. Poloczanska, E. S., S. Smith, L. Fauconnet, J. Healy, I. R. Tibbetts, M. T. Burrows, and A. J. Richardson. 2011. Little change in the distribution of rocky shore faunal communities on the Australian east coast after 50 years of rapid warming. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 400: 145-154
  9. Spencer, M., S. N. R. Birchenough, N. Mieszkowska, L. A. Robinson, S. D. Simpson, M. T. Burrows, E. Capasso, P. Cleall-Harding, J. Crummy, C. Duck, D. Eloire, M. Frost, A. J. Hall, S. J. Hawkins, D. G. Johns, D. W. Sims, T. J. Smyth, and C. L. J. Frid. 2011. Temporal change in UK marine communities: trends or regime shifts? Marine Ecology 32:1–15.

External

External activities / measures of esteem

I sit on various committees and working groups from time to time, including

  • UK Defra Steering Groups
  • the US National Centre for Ecological Synthesis Marine Climate Impacts working group
  • Shetland Oil Terminal Environmental Advisory Group Monitoring Committee

 

I edit and review manuscripts for journals, give lectures in public as well as to academic audiences, but rarely appear in the broadcast media.

Teaching

Students

Current research students

  • Joao Ferreira: Latitudinal patterns in macroalgae and grazing in NW Europe (with Bangor University)

 

Previous research students

  • Raeanne Miller: Offshore renewable energy structures as artificial islands: implications for dispersal, population connectivity and biogeography of coastal species (SuperGen)
  • Caroline Carter: Ambient noise in the marine environment: effects on detection of renewable energy devices (SNH)
  • Dr Gill Notman: Trophic ecology of rocky shore grazers (NERC) - completed 2011

 

Lecturing

I also provide lectures on ecology to students on the BSc (Hons) Marine Science programme that the Institute delivers for the University of the Highlands and Islands. I am module leader for the 4th year 'Marine Modelling' module.

Downloads

Downloads

Velocity Trajectory Google Earth Maps

Download Google Earth layers to accompany our new Nature paper:

Burrows, M. T., D. S. Schoeman, A. J. Richardson, J. García Molinos, A. Hoffmann, L. B. Buckley, P. Moore, C. Brown, J. F. Bruno, C. M. Duarte, B. S. Halpern, O. Hoegh Guldberg, C. V. Kappel, W. Kiessling, M. I. O’Connor, J. M. Pandolfi, C. Parmesan, W. J. Sydeman, S. Ferrier, K. J. Williams, and E. S. Poloczanska. (2014). Geographical limits to species-range shifts are suggested by climate velocity. Nature, Volume 506 Number 7487, 14 February 2014

Use the contents pane in Google Earth to re-order and switch layers on and off.

 

Animations of shifting temperatures for 1960 to 2009 are here as video files:

 

Wave fetch model

This model is used to indicate the likely relative wave exposure in coastal regions, published here:

Burrows, M. T., R. Harvey, and L. Robb. 2008. Wave exposure indices from digital coastlines and the prediction of rocky shore community structure. Marine Ecology Progress Series 353:1–12.

Burrows, M. T. 2012. Influences of wave fetch, tidal flow and ocean colour on subtidal rocky communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series 445:193–207.

Wave fetch for world regions produced using the model

 
My contact details

Dr Michael Burrows SAMS

Professor Mike Burrows

E: michael.burrows@sams.ac.uk

T: +44 (0)1631 559 237

F: +44 (0)1631 559 001

Scottish Marine Institute

Oban, Argyll PA37 1QA, UK