My research currently focuses on developing biosecurity tools and practices to minimise the introduction and spread of pests (many of which are invasive non-native species) and disease, particularly in developing countries. To date, my research programmes have involved working with a wide range of stakeholders including, the aquaculture and offshore renewable energy sector. I have collaborated with colleagues in China, Canada, Chile, New Zealand, USA, numerous countries in the Mediterranean and most recently the Philippines, Malaysia and Tanzania.
I lead the Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degree – Aquaculture, Environment and Society PLUS (www.emm-aces.org), which has awarded over 65 scholarships to EU and international students since 2015.
I am also a member of the Scottish Government Working Group on Marine Non Native Species, the ‘marine’ expert on the GB Non-Native Species Risk Assessment Panel, an external examiner for Bangor University and Chair of the SAMS Athena Swan SAT Committee. I am a handling editor for the journals Aquatic Invasions and BioInvasion Records.
GlobalSeaweedSTAR. Programme Leader. Funded by UKRI Global Challenges Research Fund. 2017-21
EMMJMD ACES. Programme leader. Funded by the EU. 2015-19
Selected past projects
European Information System for Alien Species (EU COST). Member. Funded by the EU. 2014-17
GlobalSeaweed. Co-PI. Funded by NERC. 2015-17
ALFF - Algal Friends or Foes. Co-PI. Funded by EU. 2015-19
Biosecurity - Coastal Development: Assessing the potential of variations in the design of coastal development to minimise introduction of invasive non-native species. Director of Studies. Funded by DTP3. 2015-18
EU Horizon Scanning. Funded by EU. 2015
Impacts of Marine INNS. Funded by DEFRA. 2015
Pacific Oyster Survey. Funded by SNH. 2014-15
Early Warning for INNS. Funded by SNH. 2013-14
Marine Biosecurity Planning. Funded by Firth of Clyde Forum / SNH. 2013
Marine Aliens I and II. Funded by Esmée Fairbairn Foundation. 2004-11
Masters in Aquaculture, Environment and Society PLUS: Programme Leader, Module Leader for Environmental Interactions for Aquaculture and the Dissertation and Guest Lecturer at the University of Nantes
Marine Science BSc: Lecturer on Marine Conservation module (Yr 3)
Alumni research students
Rebecca Giesler: Biosecurity and Blue Build. PhD. 2014-17. University of Edinburgh
Claire Canning: Corrosion and biofouling on offshore renewables. PhD. 2014-17. IDCORE
Chris Nall: Marine INNS and offshore wave. PhD. 2011-14. University of Aberdeen
Adrian MacLeod: Provision of refuges for invasive non-native species by marine renewable energy structures. PhD. 2009-12. University of Aberdeen
Coleen Suckling: Calcified marine invertebrates: the effects of ocean acidification. PhD. 2008-11
Karin Boos: Mechanisms of a successful immigration from north-east Asia: settlement dynamics, competitive ability and anti-predatory strategies of Caprella mutica Schurin 1935 in European coastal waters. PhD. 2007-09. Christian-Abrechts-Universität zu Kiel (Germany)
Richard Shucksmith: Biological Invasions: The role of biodiversity in determining community susceptibility to invasion. PhD. 2004-07. University of Aberdeen
Gail Ashton: Biological Invasions – Quantifying the impact of alien species on marine ecosystems, using the introduction of the amphipod, Caprella mutica to the west coast of Scotland as a case study. PhD. 2003-06. University of Aberdeen.
I have over 25 years’ experience in working on biofouling-related projects with a wide range of maritime-based industries, including the fin and shell-fish aquaculture, recreational yachting, port authorities, commercial shipping and the offshore wave, wind and tidal renewable energy industry. I am also now working with the UN FAO to develop at Progressive Management Pathway for Seaweed Biosecurity.
Accessing consultancy services from SAMS
SAMS consultancy work is delivered through its wholly owned commercial subsidiary, SAMS Research Services Ltd. (SRSL). SRSL operates a comprehensive Quality Management System (QMS) that is accredited to ISO9001:2008 standard, guaranteeing that all projects deliver the best possible service to our customers. All SRSL projects are planned by a professional programme manager who oversees a team of dedicated project managers, all of whom are focussed specifically on client delivery, and have scientific experience and technical expertise in fields relevant to their assigned projects.
For further information concerning commercial enterprise opportunities at SAMS, please contact SRSL by email (email@example.com) or phone +44 (0) 1631 559 470.
Peer-reviewed publications (from 2015)
Mateo J P, Campbell I, Cottier-Cook E J, Luhan M R J, Ferriols V M E N, Hurtado, A Q (2020) Analysis of biosecurity-related policies governing the seaweed industry in the Philippines. Journal of Applied Phycology https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10811-020-02083-7
Kevin A. Hughes1, Oliver L. Pescott2, Jodey Peyton2, Tim Adriaens3, Elizabeth Cottier-Cook4, Gillian Key5, Wolfgang Rabitsch6, Elena Tricarico7, David K. A. Barnes1, Naomi Baxter8, Mark Belchier9, Denise Blake8, Peter Convey1, Wayne Dawson10, Danielle Frohlich11, Lauren Gardiner12, Pablo González-Moreno13,14, Ross James9, Chris Malumphy15, Stephanie Martin16, Angeliki F. Martinou17, Dan Minchin18, Andrea Monaco19, Niall Moore5, Simon A. Morley1, Katherine Ross20, Jonathan Shanklin1, Katharine Turvey2, David Vaughan1, Alexander G. C. Vaux21, Victoria Werenkraut22, Ian J. Winfield2 and Helen Roy2 (Submitted). Invasive non-native species likely to threaten biodiversity and ecosystems in the Antarctic Peninsula region. Global Change Biology DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14938
Kambey, C.S.B., Campbell, I., Sondak, C.F.A., Nor, A.R.M., Lim, P.E., Cottier-Cook, E.J. (2020). An analysis of the current status and future of biosecurity frameworks for the Indonesian seaweed industry. J Appl Phycol (2020) doi:10.1007/s10811-019-02020-3
Campbell, I., Kambey, C.S.B., Mateo, J.P., Rusekwa, S.B., Hurtado, A.Q., Msuya, F.E., Stentiford, G.D., Cottier-Cook, E.J. J Appl Phycol (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-019-02010-5
Ward, G.M., Faisan, J.P, Cottier-Cook, E.J., Gachon, C., Hurtado, A.Q., Lim, P.E., Matoju, I., Msuyu, F., Brodie, J. (2019). A Review of Reported Seaweed Diseases and Pests in Aquaculture in Asia. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society. DOI: 10.1111/jwas.12649
PEGASUS - PHYCOMORPH European Guidelines for a Sustainable Aquaculture of Seaweeds, edited by Michèle Barbier, Bénédicte Charrier, Rita Araujo, Susan L. Holdt, Bertrand Jacquemin & Céline Rebours, COST Action FA1406 (2019). EJ Cottier - Contributor
Gonzalez-Moreno, P., Lassaro, L., Vila, M., Cristina, P., Adriaens, T., Bacher, S., Brundu, G., Copp, G.H., Essl, F., Garcia-Berthou, E., Katsanevakis, S., Moen, T., Luch, F.E., Nentwig, W., Roy, H.E., Srebaliene, G., Talgø, V., Vanderhoeven, S., Andjelković, A., Arbačiauskas, K., Auger-Rozenberg, M-A., Bae, M-J., Bariche, M., Boets, P., Boieiro, M., Borges, P. A., Canning-Clode, J., Cardigos, F., Chartosia, N., Cottier-Cook, E.J., Crocetta F., D'hondt, B., Foggi, B., Follak, S., Gallardo, B., Gammelmo, O., Giakoumi, S., Giuliani, C., Fried, G., Jelaska, L.S., Jeschke, J.M., Jover, M., Juárez-Escario, A., Kalogirou, S., Kočić, A., Kytinou, E., Laverty, C., Lozano, V., Maceda-Veiga, A., Marchante, E., Marchante, H., Martinou, A.F., Meyer, S., Minchin, S., Montero-Castaño, A., Morais, M.C., Morales-Rodriguez, C., Muhthassim, N., Nagy, Z.A., Ogris, N., Onen, H., Pergl, J., Puntila, R., Rabitsch, W., Ramburn, T.T., Rego, C., Reichenbach, F., Romeralo, C., Saul, W-C., Schrader, G., Sheehan, R., Simonović, P., Skolka, M., Soares, A.O., Sundheim, L., Tarkan, A.S., Tomov, R., Tricarico, E., Tsiamis, K., Uludağ, A., van Valkenburg, J., Verreycken, H., Vettraino, A.M., Vilar, L., Wiig, O., Witzell, J., Zanetta, A., Kenis, M. (2019). Consistency of impact assessment protocols for non-native species. Neobiota 44:1-25. doi.org/10.3897/neobiota.44.31650
Cottier-Cook, E.J., Minchin, D., Geisler, R., Graham, J., Mogg, A., Sayer, M.D., Matejusova, I., (2019). Biosecurity implications of the highly invasive carpet sea-squirt Didemnum vexillum Kott, 2002 for a protected area of global significance. Management of Biological Invasions 10(2):311-323
Roy H.E., Bacher S., Essl F., Adriaens T., Aldridge D.C., Bishop J.D.D., Blackburn T.M., Branquart E., Brodie J., Carboneras C., Cottier-Cook E.J., Copp G.H., Dean H.J., Eilenberg J., Gallardo B., Garcia M., García-Berthou E., Genovesi P., Hulme P.E., Kenis M., Kerckhof F., Kettunen M., Minchin D., Nentwig W., Nieto A., Pergl J., Pescott O.L., Peyton J., Preda C., Roques A., Rorke S.L., Scalera R., Schindler S., Schönrogge K., Sewell J., Solarz W., Stewart A.J.A., Tricarico E., Vanderhoeven S., van der Velde G., Vilà M., Wood C.A., Zenetos A. & Rabitsch W. (2019). Developing a list of invasive alien species likely to threaten biodiversity and ecosystems in the European Union. Global Change Biology 25(3) 1032-1048. Doi: 10.111/gcb.14527
Cottier-Cook, E.J., Beveridge, C., Bishop, J.D.D., Brodie, J., Clark, P.F., Epstein, G., Jenkins, S.R., Johns, D.G., Loxton, J., MacLeod, A., Maggs, C., Minchin, D., Mineur, F. , Sewell, J. and Wood, C.A. (2017). Non-native species. MCCIP Science Review 2017, 47-61, doi:10.14465/2017.arc10.005-nns
Cottier-Cook, E.J., Nagabhatla, N., Badis, Y., Campbell, M., Chopin, T, Dai, W, Fang, J., He, P, Hewitt, C, Kim, G. H., Huo, Y, Jiang, Z, Kema, G, Li, X, Liu, F, Liu, H, Liu, Y, Lu, Q, Luo, Q, Mao, Y, Msuya, F. E, Rebours, C, Shen, H., Stentiford, G. D., Yarish, C, Wu, H, Yang, X, Zhang, J, Zhou, Y, Gachon, C. M. M. (2016). Safeguarding the future of the global seaweed aquaculture industry. United Nations University (INWEH) and Scottish Association for Marine Science Policy Brief. ISBN 978-92-808-6080-1. 12pp
Gambi, M-C, Galil, B. et al. (2016). “The Ischia Declaration: Management of Bioinvasions in the Mediterranean Sea: The Way Forward” EuroMarine - https://gallery.mailchimp.com/6644ac4054ef7465a53cada39/files/EuroMarine_WG03_MEDBINV_outcomes.pdf
Foster, V., Geisler, R., Wilson, M., Cook, E.J. (2016). Identifying the physical features of marina infrastructure associated with the presence of non-native species in the UK. Marine Biology 163:173. Doi: 10.1007/s00227-016-2941-8
vCook, E.J., Payne, R.D., MacLeod, A, Brown, S.F. (2016). Marine Biosecurity: protecting indigenous marine species. Research and Reports in Biodiversity Studies 5:1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RRBS.S63402
Macleod, A., Stanley, M., Day, J.G., Cook, E.J. (2016). Biofouling community composition across a range of environmental conditions and geographical locations suitable for floating Marine Renewable Energy generation. Biofouling 32 (3): 261-276. Doi: 10.1080/08927014.2015.1136822
Corsini-Foka, M., Zenetos, A., Crocetta, F, Çinar, M E, Koçac, F., Golani, D., Louizidou, P., Durucan F., Yapici, S., Dias, M., Abecasis, A., Cardigos, D., Cook, EJ. Et al., (2015). Inventory of alien and cryptogenic species of the Dodecanese (Aegean Sea, Greece): Collaborations through coast action training school. Management of Biological Invasions 6 (4): 351-366.
Kelly, M.S., Carboni, S., Cook, E.J., Hughes, A. (2015). Sea Urchin Aquaculture in Scotland. In: Echinoderm Aquaculture (Eds.) Nicholas Brown, Steve Eddy, ISBN: 978-0-470-96038-7, 384pp, Wiley-Blackwell
Tett, P., K. Black, R. Brennan, E. Cook and K. Davidson (2015). Sustainable Mariculture at High Latitudes. Chapter 6 in 'Coastal Zones: Solutions for the 21st Century'. J. Baztan, O. Chouinard, B. Jorgensen, P. Tett, J.-P. Vanderlinden and L. Vasseur, eds. Elsevier. https://www.elsevier.com/books/coastal-zones/baztan/978-0-12-802748-6. Published June 2015. ISBN: 978-0-12-802748-6
Galil, B., Boero, F., Fraschetti, Pirano, S., Campbell, M., Hewitt, C., Carlton, J., Cook, E.J., Jelmert, A., Macpherson, E., Marchini, A., Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., Mckenzie, C., Minchin, D., Ojaveer, H., Olenin, S., Ruiz, G., (2015) "SEACHANGE - The Enlargement of the Suez Canal and introduction of non-indigenous species to the Mediterranean Sea”. Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) Bulletin.
Ojaveer H, Galil BS, Campbell ML, Carlton JT, Canning-Clode J, Cook EJ, et al. (2015) Classification of Non-Indigenous Species Based on Their Impacts: Considerations for Application in Marine Management. PLoS Biol 13(4): e1002130. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1002130. IF = 9.34
Galil, B.S., Boero, F., Campbell, M.L., Carlton, J.T., Cook, E.J., Fraschetti, S., Gollasch, S., Hewitt, C.L., Jelmert, A., Macpherson, E., Marchini, A., McKenzie, C., Minchin, D., Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., Ojaveer, H., Olenin, S., Piraino, S., Ruiz, G.M. (2015). ‘Double trouble’: the expansion of the Suez Canal and marine bioinvasions in the Mediterranean Sea. Biological Invasions 17:973-976. DOI 10.1007/s10530-014-0778-y
Government/ EU Report (since 2015
Macleod, A., Cook, E.J, Hughes, D. & Allen, C. (2015). Investigating the Impacts of Marine Invasive Non-Native Species. A report by SRSL for Natural England & Natural Resources Wales (NECR223), pp. 59 http://publications.naturalengland.org.uk/publication/5091100843311104?category=10006
Roy, H.E., Adriaens, T., Aldridge, D.C., Bacher, S., Bishop, J.D.D., Blackburn, T.M., Branquart, E., Brodie, J., Carboneras, C., Cook, E.J., Copp, G.H., Dean, H.J., Eilenberg, J., Essl, F., Gallardo, B., Garcia, M., García-Berthou, E., Genovesi, P., Hulme, P.E., Kenis, M., Kerckhof, F., Kettunen, M., Minchin, D., Nentwig, W., Nieto, A., Pergl, J., Pescott, O., Peyton, J., Preda, C., Rabitsch, W., Roques, A., Rorke, S., Scalera, R., Schindler, S., Schönrogge, K., Sewell, J., Solarz, W., Stewart, A., Tricarico, E., Vanderhoeven, S., van der Velde, G., Vilà, M., Wood, C.A., Zenetos, A (2015) Invasive Alien Species - Prioritising prevention efforts through horizon scanning ENV.B.2/ETU/2014/0016. European Commission.
Tett, P, Fox, C, Cook, EJ, Cottier, F., Crocket, K., Davidson, K., Gowen, R., Greenhill, L., Narayanaswamy, B., Risch, D., Wilding, T. (2015). Response to DEFRA Consultation on Programmes of Measures for the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. SAMS Report 23 April 2015.
Cook, E.J., Beveridge, C., Twigg, G., Macleod, A. (2015). Assessing the Effectiveness of Early Warning Systems for the Detection of Marine Invasive Non-Native Species in Scottish Waters. SAMS, Scottish Natural Heritage & Marine Scotland Science Commissioned Report No. 874. http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/commissioned_reports/874.pdf
Helen E. Roy, Jodey M. Peyton, Oliver L. Pescott, Tim Adriaens1, Elizabeth Cottier-Cook, Wayne Dawson, Danielle Frohlich, Chris Malumphy, Angeliki F. Martinou, Dan Minchin, Wolfgang Rabitsch, Steph L. Rorke, Elena Tricarico, Kath Turvey, Ian Winfield (2019). Prioritising Invasive Non-Native Species through Horizon Scanning on the UK Overseas Territories. UK Government.
Cottier-Cook, E.J. et al. (2018). Technical report for EACEA (31 Nov 2018) – Online submission
Macleod, A., Allen, C., & Cook, E.J. (2016). Assessment of the biological risks associated with the
relocation of the Janice A platform. A report by SRSL for Maersk Oil North Sea UK Ltd., pp. 22
Fellow of the Royal Society of Biology, 2019 - present
Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, 2019 - present
SUPER TAP Theme Advisory Panel – HEI Representative, 2019 - present
Scottish Government Working Group on Marine Non-Native Marine Species (MASTS representative). Member, 2016-present
ICES Working Group on International Movement and Transfers of Marine Organisms. Member, 2014–present
Expert network for the UK Commission for UNESCO. Member, 2015–present
GB Non-Native Species Risk Assessment Panel. Member, 2018 - present
SAMS Athena Swann SAT Committee. Chair, 2019 - present
UHI Athena Swann Working Group. Member, 2015–present
AURORA Higher Education Leadership Programme, Member, 2015-present
Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, 2011-2019
UHI Research Practitioners Group. Member, 2014–2017
MASTS Graduate School. Member, 2013-2017
Review Panel of Ireland Non-native Invasive Species List. Member, Sept 2012
Advisor to Environment Agency (England) on potential impacts of Caprella mutica (APEM Ltd Report; Oct 2011)
UK Working Group on the invasive tunicate Didemnum vexillum (lead by GB Non-native species secretariat). Member, 2009–2010
Scottish Working Group on the invasive macroalga Sargassum muticum (lead by SNH). Member, 2008–2010
Expert advice to regulators / government
Through membership of committees listed above, plus…
Invited witness – Environmental Audit Committee enquiry into Invasive Species, Westminster, Portcullis House, London (2019)
Invited speaker – FAO meeting on Aquaculture Biosecurity (2019)
Invited speaker – Seaweed Cluster Initiative Event, Zanzibar, Tanzania (2018)
Invited expert, UK OTs Workshop on Horizon Scanning for Invasive Species, Grand Cayman, St Helena, Chagos and British Antarctic Territories and Falklands (2018 - 19)
Invited speaker - GCRF Researcher Engagement Event, St Andrews University (28 Sept 2017)
Invited reviewer of Orkney Islands Non-Native Species Biosecurity Plan (2012)
Invited speaker for Shetland Oil Terminal Environmental Assessment Group (SOTEAG) Monitoring Committee Meeting (Dec 2012)
Invited expert for new GB Non-native Species Information Portal (GB-NNSIP) (2012)
Invited reviewer of Ireland NIS List (Sept 2012)
Nominated for HISA 'Most Inspiring Lecturer' in 2011 and 2013
Over the last 25 years, I have appeared a number of times on TV (BBC World Service On-line) and on radio, including BBC Radio 1, Radio 4 (Today Programme and Material World), Radio 5 (Countryfile and Radio 5 live) and the World Service (Science in Action), plus BBC Radio Scotland. I’ve also given live interviews with radio station in the US, Australia, South America and St. Helena and provided quotes to journalists from around the world.
Aquatic Invasions, online journal e-ISSN: 1818-5487 (2010-present): Handling Editor
Biological Invasion Records, online journal ISSN: 2242-1300 (2014-present): Handling Editor
Organiser of Side-Event on Seaweed Aquaculture, FAO COFI-AQ Sub Committee, Trondheim, Norway, 2019
Co-organiser of ACES Cohort 3 Student Conference, University of Crete, 2019
Co-organiser ACES Student Conference, University of Nantes, 2018
Co-organiser – SNH Sharing Good Practice Event – Marine Biosecurity, SAMS, 2016
Co-convenor and invited speaker – Global Seaweed Workshop, with Dr Adeel (UNU-INWEH), SAMS, Oban, 2016
Special Session Organiser – Environmental Biohazards – MASTS Annual Meeting, Glasgow, 2015
Organiser – MASTS Graduate School Marine Policy Day, Edinburgh, 2015
Co-organiser MASTS Special Workshop on Marine Invasives, 2014
Co-organiser, E-COST Training Workshop on Marine Invasives Species Identification, Rhodes, Greece, 2014
Organiser of ASSG Workshop on Marine Biosecurity, SAMS, 2013
Workshop Co-ordinator – Marine Biosecurity at Sharing Good Practice Event, Perth, 2013.
Member of organising and scientific committee for International conference on the Environmental Interactions of Marine Renewables, Orkney, 2012
Co-organiser for Linnean Society Conference on Marine Aliens, London, 2011
Co-organiser for Aquaculture and Biodiversity Session (European Aquaculture Society Meeting, Istanbul, Turkey). 2007
Scientific committee member and session chair for Joint Aquatic Associations conference, 2007
Scientific committee member for the 6th International Crustacean Congress, Glasgow, UK, 2005
Co-organiser for Decommissioning of Offshore Oilrigs Conference (SAMS), 2000
Outreach and public engagement
Over the last 25 years, I have been involved in numerous outreach and public engagement events at SAMS, nationally and internationally, from running at STEM club at a local primary school, to co-ordinating an annual ‘Aquaculture-related’ event at the SAMS Ocean Explorer Centre to speaking to the seaweed farming community in Tanzania at their annual National Seaweed Day. I’ve also been the invited speaker for numerous schools in Scotland, for the SHELL Education Service, the British Association Festival of Science and for the Pupil Research Initiative – Frontiers of Science programme.
2013-present: Head of SAMS-United Nations University Associate Institute & Senior Lecturer in Marine Biology. SAMS
2006-13: Lecturer in Marine Biology. SAMS
2001-06. PDRA. SAMS
2000-01: Education / Promotion Manager. SAMS
1999 PhD in Invertebrate Aquaculture. Napier University
1995 MSc Marine Resource Development and Protection. Heriot-Watt University
1994 BSc (Hons) Biology. Bristol University